Over 340 cities are included within the. Cities are ranked from the cleanest to the most polluted primarily based on common ranges of fantastic particulate matter (PM2.5). The information behind the rating was collected from over 400 monitoring stations throughout EEA member nations over the previous two calendar years.
From 2020 to 2021, air high quality was good in solely 11 cities, that means that ranges of PM2.5 have been under the World Well being Group’s (WHO) health-based guideline for long-term publicity to PM2.5 of 5 micrograms per cubic meter of air (5 μg/m3). The rule of thumb was exceeded in 97% of the 343 European cities included within the viewer.
In distinction, the European Union’s (EU) annual restrict worth for PM2.5 of 25 µg/m3 was solely exceeded within the three most polluted cities, together with Nowy Sacz, Poland, and Cremona and Padova in Italy, highlighting the distinction between the WHO guideline and the EU customary.
The European metropolis air viewer can be utilized to verify how the air high quality was in European cities over the previous two years. The viewer focuses on long-term concentrations of PM2.5, as long-term publicity to air air pollution causes probably the most critical well being results, and PM2.5 is the air pollutant with the very best affect on well being by way of untimely dying and illness.
Extra info and hyperlink to European Metropolis Air High quality Viewer
Combined progress in assembly EU emission discount commitments
Beneath the Nationwide Emission discount Commitments (NEC) directive, EU Member States are required to fulfill nationwide commitments to scale back emissions for 5 air pollution to be able to ship clear air for human well being and the atmosphere. Beneath the Directive, the 12 months 2020 noticed a transition to a brand new, extra bold set of nationwide emission discount commitments.
In 2020 (newest obtainable info), just below half of Member States met all their nationwide emission discount commitments based on annual EEA report launched as we speak, which appears to be like at Member State progress in reducing key air pollutant emissions.
Based mostly on the evaluation of the info supplied by Member States and never but totally checked by the Fee, the report discovered that the greatest problem stays lowering emissions of ammonia from agriculture, with 11 Member States needing to chop their emissions ranges. Solely 13 Member States met their commitments for every of the 5 fundamental pollution (nitrogen oxides, non-methane risky natural compounds, ammonia, sulphur dioxide and PM2.5). Fourteen Member States failed to fulfill their emission discount commitments for no less than one of many 5 fundamental air pollution.
The EEA evaluation is predicated on the most recent air pollutant emission stock knowledge, as reported by Member States in February 2022. It constituted the primary alternative to evaluate emission discount efficiency towards the 2020-29 emission discount commitments.
Extra info and hyperlink tobriefing
Reporting beneath UNECE Air Conference
Together with the EEA briefing on the NEC Directive, the EEA additionally revealed, which appears to be like at air pollutant emissions reported by the EU beneath the UNECE Air Conference. The report confirmed a continued, albeit just lately slowing, downward development in emissions from 1990-2020 of six key air pollution: carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrogen oxides, non-methane risky natural compounds, sulphur oxides and particulate matter. Ammonia emissions have proven the least decline since 1990.